The following article, in a proposed series will provide another best practice-research based solution for defining the best time of day for athletes to train. Contrary to conventional and contemporary wisdom, the best time for athletes to train is between 5 PM and 7PM. The rationale for this preferred training time frame is based in scientific research that suggests that at this time, the human organism is in an optimal state of homeostasis. Accordingly, both an athletes biological and neurological functions will be at their peak thereby allowing for the best chance for the targeted training performance and results to occur. As evidence to these conclusions, the article will site recent scientific research that will describe the parameters for aligning training prerequisites, and the optimal times when the training perquisites should be applied within the optimal biochemical, neurological, and biomechanical timing for training output capacity of the human body.
To this end, the article will describe in depth cause and effect analysis of requisite training input balances and requirements of proper hydration, rest cycles, physical therapy, anaerobic and aerobic training, strength training, plyometrics, and sport psychology. In particular interest there is discussion on the impact of training times with respect to the relationship between circadian rhythms and human core temperature, biomechanical effects for performance output and the inverse relationship with respect achievement of optimal motor memory and motor skill adaptations. The article goes on to describe the impact an influence of life style tendencies and behaviours on training for peak performance and in particular as they relate to an athletes genetics, hormonal balances, physiological body mass indices, and the overall impact on psychophysiological components as they relate to peak performance. The article concludes with a retrospective summary of elite athlete competitive performances achieved in world-class competitions and their demonstrative effect and endorsement of the best practice training methods prescribed herein. Also included are comprehensive listings of the longitudinal scientific research used by the author to support the enclosed conclusions and recommendations offered to the reader.